Prof. Dr. Mehmet İşyar – Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Doktoru

Shoulder Prostheses

Mehmet İşyar, M.D. Prof

Shoulder prostheses are a surgical treatment option used when the shoulder joint is severely damaged or has lost its function due to disease. The shoulder joint is the connection between the upper arm bone (humerus) and the shoulder blade (scapula) and allows the arm to move in various directions. Shoulder replacement surgery is the process of replacing worn or damaged natural joint surfaces on the shoulder joint with artificial implants.

Shoulder prostheses are usually used for the following conditions

Osteoarthritis: To relieve pain and limitation of movement caused by arthritis in the shoulder joint.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: When the shoulder joint is damaged due to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Fractures: To heal fractures around the shoulder bone or shoulder joint.
Isolated arthritis: For individuals who experience pain and loss of function due to arthritis in an area other than the shoulder joint.

Shoulder prostheses are divided into two main types:

Total Shoulder Prosthesis (TDP): This type of prosthesis replaces all surfaces on the shoulder joint. The upper arm bone and shoulder blade are both replaced with artificial implants.
Hemiprosthesis (Half Shoulder Prosthesis): This type of prosthesis is usually applied due to damage or calcification on the upper arm bone. Only the upper arm bone part is replaced, while the shoulder blade area is preserved.

After shoulder replacement surgery, patients may need to be referred to physical therapy and rehabilitation. This process includes strengthening the shoulder, increasing the range of motion

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